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A 21st Century Exploration of Femicide in Latin America, the United States and Georgia

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A 21st Century Exploration of Femicide in Latin America, the United States and Georgia

By Stefany Alvarado, Spring 2021 Intern

In May of 2016, Nabila Rifo’s 28-year-old, bloodied body was found a few blocks from her house in Chile. Rifo’s fractured skull and empty eye sockets were evidence of a brutal assault. In July of 2019, Chile’s neighboring country of Bolivia experienced the attack of Mery Vila, 26. She was beaten with a hammer.

Beyond the Isthmus of Panama and across the Atlantic Ocean, Mexico saw two graphic cases in February of 2020. Ingrid Escamilla, 25, was disemboweled one week before Fátima Cecilia Aldrighett’s 7-year-old body was found in a plastic bag. 

These cases have one common factor: women. Each female victim experienced a form of femicide, also referred to as feminicide. The World Health Organization (WHO) and Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) define it as “the intentional murder of women because they are women.” More broadly, it is also described as “any killings of women or girls.” The term combines “homicide” and “female” to describe violence against women that results in death. 

According to research published by WHO and PAHO in 2012, there are five main types of femicide. 

  1. Intimate femicide occurs when a former husband or boyfriend kills the female partner.
  2. Honor-related femicide happens when “a family member kills one of their own women because of an actual or assumed sexual or behavioral transgression, including adultery, sexual intercourse, pregnancy outside marriage or rape” in order to restore a perceived reputation. 
  3. Dowry-related femicide is when in-laws kill their daughter-in-law because of dowry conflicts. 
  4. Non-intimate femicide occurs when a man, without an intimate relationship to the victim, kills the targeted woman. 
  5. The final form is sexual femicide, which involves forms of sexual aggression leading to a woman’s murder. 

That same year, the United Nations’ Symposium on Femicide expanded on the different forms of femicide to include the following: 

  1. “Torture and misogynist slaying of women;
  2. Targeted killing of women and girls in the context of armed conflict;
  3. Killing of women and girls because of their sexual orientation and gender identity;
  4. Killing of aboriginal and indigenous women and girls because of their gender; 
  5. Female infanticide and gender-based sex selection feticide; 
  6. Genital mutilation related deaths; 
  7. Accusations of witchcraft and
  8. Gender-based murders connected with gangs, organized crime, drug dealers, human trafficking, and the proliferation of small arms.”

Knowing these listed forms of femicide is essential for understanding the cultural and regional context of each murder. A Small Arms Survey study conducted by the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland found that 40% of countries with the highest femicide rates between 2004 and 2009 were Latin American. 

In addition, the study showed a concentration of femicides in the Latin Western Hemisphere. Numbers may have differed if adequate data was collected from Africa, Europe and Asia. 

There is no denying the international prevalence of femicides, especially in Mexico, Central America and South America. This same phenomenon affecting women in Latin America also exists in the United States. 

Though this country has not adopted the term femicide, data exists on fatal outcomes from gender violence against women. In 2007, the U.S. Department of Justice found “intimate partners committed 14% of all homicides in the United States.” Of that intimate partner homicide subgroup, females accounted for 70% of the victims. Later information, compiled from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Multiple Causes of Death, showed that the United States’ female homicide victim rate in 2016 was the highest since 2007.  

To contextualize femicide in the United States, Vanessa Guillen’s murder must be reviewed. Guillen was a 20-year-old, Mexican-American soldier stationed in Fort Hood, a U.S. Army post located in Killeen, Texas. She went missing in April of 2020, and her dismembered, burned body was found in June of the same year. 

Not every case of female homicide, also known as femicide, will make national headlines like Guillen’s murder. In the state of Georgia, stories of murdered female victims are more readily categorized through statistics. According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV),  Georgia was the 10th state with the highest number of women murdered by men in 2017. This fact supports the existence of femicide in Georgia, but there is not much precision when identifying the racial and ethnic background of each victim, meaning it is difficult to identify Latinx cases. 

No matter the region, whether it’s in Latin America, the United States or Georgia, Latina women are being murdered. There has been an international outcry to end femicide, manifesting itself in protests. For example, women marched in Mexico City on March 8 of last year, also International Women’s Day, calling for the government to take action against gender-based violence. Similar protests occurred a few weeks ago in Venezuela and Mexico.

Though the struggles women endure are overwhelming, steps can be taken to support them and challenge femicide. To start on the individual level, it is essential to listen to, respect and believe women. It is equally important to acknowledge internal biases and actively rewire negative personal perceptions. The same goes for identifying and denouncing sexist vernacular and behavior within social groups. 

On a more systemic level, governments must acknowledge and adopt the term femicide into legal jargon. On March 8 of this year, the U.S. House of Representatives introduced a bipartisan bill to renew and improve the Violence Against Women Act, which “creates and supports comprehensive, cost-effective responses to domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence and stalking,” according to the National Network to End Domestic Violence. 

However, femicide is not explicitly identified through United States law as it is in some Latin American countries such as Bolivia, Chile and Peru. Each Latin nation that has codified femicide into law has created criminal procedures specific to the murdering of women. Implementation of these laws has been a challenge, but unlike in the United States, femicide distinct legislature exists. 

In addition to legalities, improved data collection and more resources for women would help address femicide. Gathering detailed data is essential because it serves as a guide for institutions looking to create organizations that help women. Caminar Latino is “Georgia’s first and only comprehensive domestic violence intervention program for Latino families.” Data collection would allow for more culture and language specific resources like this to exist. Organizations that support female survivors of violence are integral to combatting femicide because they intervene before physical aggression becomes murder. 

Of the four women mentioned at the beginning, only Rifo of Chile survived her attack. Her eyes were gouged out, but she is alive. Rifo is now seeking justice for her attack through Chile’s femicide law.  

NOTE: The opinions expressed in this blog are the opinions of the author only. It is not to be assumed that the opinions are those of GALEO or the GALEO Latino Community Development Fund. For the official position on any issue for GALEO, please contact Jerry Gonzalez, CEO of GALEO at jerry@galeo.org.

NOTA: Las opiniones expresadas en este blog son sólo las opiniones del autor. No es de suponer que las opiniones sean de GALEO o el GALEO Latino Community Development Fund. Para la posición oficial sobre cualquier tema de GALEO, por favor contacte a Jerry González, CEO de GALEO en jerry@galeo.org.

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Voting Rights Groups, including GALEO, Sue To Stop Voter Suppression Bill in Georgia

SB 202 LIMITS EARLY VOTING, ABSENTEE VOTING, AND BALLOT DROP BOXES, ADDS FINES FOR GROUPS HELPING ABSENTEE VOTERS

ATLANTA—Late last night, the League of Women Voters of Georgia, along with the Georgia NAACP, Georgia Coalition for the People’s Agenda, Georgia Latino Community Development Fund, Common Cause, and the Lower Muskogee Creek Tribe, filed a lawsuit against the state of Georgia to prevent enforcement of SB 202, an omnibus voter suppression bill signed by Georgia Governor Brian Kemp last week. Plaintiffs argue the bill targets the voting rights of Georgians of color, in violation of the U.S. Constitution and the Voting Rights Act.

“The League of Women Voters has fought SB 202 ever since it was introduced, and we’re continuing to fight it now,” said Susannah Scott, president of the League of Women Voters of Georgia. “This bill deliberately targets Black, Latinx, Asian American, indigenous, and other voters of color in a direct attempt to eliminate the voting rights gains of 2020. It’s a despicable attempt by legislators to choose who can vote in our state and who cannot. It’s undemocratic, unconstitutional, and un-American.”

SB 202 makes cuts to several important mechanisms increasingly used by voters of color, including early voting, absentee ballots, and ballot drop boxes, in addition to adding new and unnecessary ID requirements for absentee ballots. The bill also threatens groups like the League of Women Voters and its partners with fines for assisting voters with their absentee ballots.

“This voter suppression bill in Georgia is an assault on democracy,” said Virginia Kase, CEO of the League of Women Voters of the United States. “The tremendous voter participation of the 2020 election was the culmination of decades of work by grassroots organizers and voting rights advocates. Our states should build on the success of 2020’s historic voter turnout, but instead we are seeing a return to the era of Jim Crow laws. The people of Georgia deserve better. The American voters deserve better.”

The 2020 election saw the greatest voter participation in history, with Georgia seeing an increase in both registration numbers and voter participation—especially among Black and other communities of color. The provisions in SB 202 would not only eliminate Georgia’s growth in voter participation, but it would take voting rights backward in the state, particularly for voters of color who are undeniably targeted by the bill. For instance, SB 202 allows country registrars to eliminate Sunday early voting hours, used by many Black and Brown churches and faith groups to deliver community members to the polls.

“The thinly-veiled attempt to roll back the progress we have made to empower Georgians—to use their voices in the democratic process—creates an arbitrary law that does not improve voter confidence, secure election integrity nor increase access to the ballot box,” said Rev. James Woodall, state president of the Georgia NAACP.

“It is unfortunate that Georgians were lied to because some did not like the results of the 2020 elections,” said Helen Butler, executive director, Georgia Coalition for the People’s Agenda. “However, passing legislation that gives the majority party too much control over our elections while also creating barriers to voters in a rushed and non-transparent process is not the solution to those lies. Our focus is protecting Georgian’s right to vote. And that is why we have taken this necessary step.”

“The intent of this new law was to discriminate against minority and poor voters in Georgia,” said Jerry Gonzalez, chief executive officer of GALEO Latino Community Development Fund, Inc. “Our communities will stand together to work against these Jim Crow tactics pushing to take our state backwards.”

“This bill was rammed through the process without public participation or a fiscal analysis,” said Aunna Dennis, executive director of Common Cause Georgia. “It’s easy to see the reason why—this bill makes it harder for Black and Brown communities on the margins to vote, and it allows a legislatively-controlled state board to takeover county elections offices and potentially interfere with election certification. This has nothing to do with the ‘public interest’—it’s a partisan effort to maintain power during the 2022 elections.”

Plaintiffs are represented by the Lawyers’ Committee on for Civil Rights Under Law and Hughes Hubbard & Reed.

“Georgia state lawmakers are making it more difficult to vote, criminalizing ordinary voter assistance, and then lying to their own constituents to suggest it is for their own good,” said Damon Hewitt, acting president and executive director, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law. “By limiting access to absentee ballots and early voting, they are targeting our Black and Brown communities. Discriminatory voter suppression is alive and well and it cannot stand.”

“The right to vote is central to our democracy,” said Vilia Hayes, senior pro bono counsel at Hughes Hubbard & Reed. “Democracy works best when all citizens can vote and we are proud to be an active participant in voter protection.”

Read the complaint here.

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PRESS CONTACT: Kayla Vix | 202-809-9668 | kvix@lwv.org

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Georgia Immigrant Rights Alliance Condemns the Passage of Voter Suppression Legislation SB 202

Georgia Immigrant Rights Alliance Condemns the Passage of Voter Suppression Legislation SB 202

For Immediate Release

Thursday, March 25, 2021

Contact:  James Woo, Communications and Outreach Associate

               404-585-8446, jwoo@advancingjustice-atlanta.org

_____________________________________________

ATLANTA, GA —  The Georgia Immigrant Rights Alliance (GIRA) condemns the passage of voter suppression legislation.  On March 25th, the Georgia legislature passed a bill that is an aggressive attack against the voting power of AAPI, Black, and Brown immigrant voters.  Governor Kemp signed Senate Bill 202 (SB 202) into effect and will disenfranchise thousands of Georgians.

SB 202 is an over 90-page anti-voting bill that was fast-tracked through the legislative process with no notice to advocates, voters, or even other legislators at times. It will restrict early voting, criminalize line warming, allow the Georgia Legislature to usurp power from local boards of election, and create barriers to voting by mail. Of the many sweeping and egregious changes that SB 202 would make to our election system, the dramatic restrictions on absentee voting will directly harm immigrant communities in Georgia.

Georgia saw unprecedented voter turnout during the 2020 election cycle because Georgians were given options to safely and securely cast their ballots while in a global pandemic. Rather than continue to expand Georgians’ access to the ballot, SB 202 will restrict Georgian immigrant communities’ right to make their voices heard. This bill seeks to punish voters who followed the rules by changing the rules. 

Despite the passage of one of the most horrible pieces of voter suppression legislation that Georgia has ever seen, GIRA will continue to fight for the civil and voting rights of AAPI, Black, and Brown immigrant Georgians.  We will continue to make sure that our voices and communities are heard.

Phi Nguyen, Litigation Director, Asian Americans Advancing Justice-Atlanta said: “The unnecessary voting barriers presented by SB 202 pose a significant risk of disenfranchisement to the AAPI community and other immigrant communities, who are more likely to face language barriers or be new to the voting process. Forty-four percent of Asian American voters in Georgia are limited English proficient. And in the November 2020 election, more than 45,000 of the 200,000 AAPIs who voted were first time voters. New or first-time voters are also more likely to give up when faced with additional hoops or barriers to voting.”

Jerry Gonzalez, CEO, GALEO said:  “This is a willful attack against minority and poor voters in Georgia.  This legislation does not improve integrity of the election system but creates many more barriers for voters to exercise their right to vote.  The legislation is a perpetuation of the lies of a fraudulent election cycle in 2020.  The only fraud is that this legislation purports to ‘fix’ an electoral system that functioned well in 2020 with record breaking turnout of young, communities of color and normally disenfranchised voters.  The ‘fix’ would be to prevent more minority voters from voting.”

Aisha Yaqoob Mahmood, Executive Director, Asian American Advocacy Fund said: “The passage of SB 202 is direct retaliation for voters of color showing up and making their voices heard in 2020. Every step of the way, Republican lawmakers have proven that they do not care about voters of color, particularly Asian American and immigrant voters who already face barriers to participating in the electoral process.”

Murtaza Khwaja, Legal & Policy Director, CAIR Georgia said: “Chairman Barry Fleming’s insidious attack on our voting electorate by disenfranchising Black and other minority voters from within ‘the people’s house’ is a brazen exploitation of his chairmanship of the Special Committee on Election Integrity. Fleming’s amateur-hour Jim Crow act, in unilaterally ramming through a ninety-three-page substitute to a two-page bill without input from voter advocacy groups, the citizens of Georgia, or a bi-partisan collection of legislators, must be roundly rejected and his chairmanship revoked.”

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The Georgia Immigrant Rights Alliance (GIRA) is a statewide policy table led by immigrant communities across Georgia. The purpose of this alliance is to safeguard the rights of Georgian immigrants to create a more equal and just Georgia for immigrants, especially in the context of ongoing discriminatory treatment and targeting of these communities. 

Members and Allies of GIRA

Asian American Advocacy Fund

Asian Americans Advancing Justice-Atlanta

Athens Immigrant Rights Coalition

Asian Youth for Civic Engagement

Black Alliance for Just Immigration 

The Council on American-Islamic Relations – Georgia

Coalición de Líderes Latinos

Dignidade Inmigrante en Athens 

Federation of Korean American Association of South East & Korean Chamber

GALEO

GA Familias Unidas

Georgia Muslim Voter Project

Georgia Shift 

Korean American Coalition – Atlanta

Laotian American Society

Latino Community Fund – Georgia

Poder Latinx

Refugee Women’s Network

Southeast Immigrant Rights Network

Sur Legal Collaborative

Women Watch Afrika 

U-Lead Athens

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STATEMENT OF ADVOCACY: Call for Georgia Colleges and Universities to Prepare Teachers to Meet the Needs of Multilingual Learners

 

STATEMENT OF ADVOCACY: Call for Georgia Colleges and Universities to Prepare Teachers to Meet the Needs of Multilingual Learners

WE ASK:

GATESOL, GALEO, GALAS, and LCF Georgia join together to urge Georgia’s colleges and universities to include core TESOL courses as a part of all teacher preparation programs. Adequately preparing

pre-service teachers to meet the needs of multilingual learners is critical.

WE BELIEVE:

  • The likelihood that graduates accepting teaching jobs in Georgia will teach multilingual learners is Georgia enrollment in ESOL grew by 61 percent from FY 2011 to FY 2019.
  • Georgia schools are stepping away from teaching content and language In fact, in WIDA’s 2020 ELD Standards Framework, the core principle that integrating language instruction with content instruction is emphasized, thus, making it imperative to have mainstream teachers ready to support EL learners.
  • Many Georgia school districts are already functioning in this progressive zeitgeist of shared Teachers must be prepared for this reality.
  • Every teacher is a language Author on education practice, Larry Ferlazzo states, “For English language learners to succeed academically, teachers must interweave the academic language of each discipline into their instruction.”
  • InTASC Model Core Teaching Standards and Learning Progressions for Teachers 1.0 demand that teachers address “cultural and linguistic diversity and the specific needs of students for whom English is a new ” Hence, TESOL courses in teacher education programs need to include a focus on linguistic diversity, content and language integration and culturally sustaining approaches to multilingual education.

WE ACKNOWLEDGE:

  • Georgia’s educational history tells a story of students from a variety of backgrounds facing In October of 2020 three federal cases were under investigation for discrimination of multilingual learners in Georgia. Stephen Owens airms, “Any argument that ELs are not receiving the resources they need to have equal opportunities would be backed up by history, current litigation and student test scores.”
  • States such as Massachusetts have already put in place guidelines to address the gap in academic proficiency for multilingual Core academic teachers of multilingual learners, principals, assistant principals, supervisors, and directors who evaluate those teachers must all obtain training and licensure requirements for the Sheltered English Immersion Endorsement.
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GALEO Announces Essay Contest Winners for its 14th Annual Cesar Chavez Day on March 31st

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE – March 25th, 2021

(Atlanta, GA) GALEO is proud to recognize the winners for the 14th Annual Cesar Chavez Ceremony. This year’s event will be virtual. The winning essay entries will be recorded and released on Cesar Chavez Day, which is March 31st, and will be published on GALEO’s social media pages (Facebook: facebook.com/GALEO.org)

During the virtual event, our Program Coordinator for Operations and Communications, Polo Vargas, will be our host. He will be joined by our three Spring 2021 interns Jennifer, Rodrigo, and Stefany, who will be presenters in the event.

Additionally, our guest speaker will be Magdaleno Rose-Avila. Magdaleno is an activist who worked alongside Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta in the United Farm Workers (UFM) Union.

The purpose of the ceremony is to honor civil rights legend, Cesar Chavez, and increase awareness of the continual plight of farm workers and their contributions to America. Chavez’s leadership was critical to organizing farm workers and founding what is today known as the United Farm Workers Union. He remains one of the foremost Latino leaders in American history. His birthday, March 31st, is officially recognized as a state holiday in California, Colorado, and Texas. GALEO supports the movement to create this date as a national holiday in honor of Mr. Chavez.

We are honored to announce the following winners of this years’ contest:

High School

1st Place) Reilly O’Neill

2nd Place) Julia Powers

3rd Place) Hayes Woley

High School ESOL

1st Place) Nadia Safi

2nd Place) Abel Worku

Adult

1st Place) Jesus Rubio

2nd Place) Maria F. Vizcaino Garcia

3rd Place) Adalina Capuli Merello

Thank you to the GALEO Leadership Council Cesar Chavez Committee co-lead by Rebecca Pool and Kyle Murphy, as well as the full Cesar Chavez Contest essay reviewers for all of their support.

We also thank our prize sponsors for helping us reward our winners for this event. Adult and High School winners will be presented gift certificates (1st-$200; 2nd-$75; 3rd-$50).

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Collective Statement – A Community-Centered Response to Violence Against Asian American Communities

On March 16, eight people were killed at three different spas in North Georgia including six Asian women. We are heartbroken by these murders, which come at a time when Asian American communities are already grappling with the traumatic violence against Asian Americans nationwide, fueled by the United States’ long history of white supremacy, systemic racism, and gender-based violence.

As we collectively grieve and respond to this tragedy, we must lead with the needs of those most directly impacted at the center: the victims and their families. And during this time of broader crisis and trauma in our Asian American communities, we must be guided by a compass of community care that prioritizes assessing and addressing our communities’ immediate needs, including in-language support for mental health, legal, employment, and immigration services.

We must also stand firm in decrying misogyny, systemic violence, and white supremacy. We must invest in long-term solutions that address the root causes of violence and hate in our communities. We reject increased police presence or carceral solutions as the answers.

For centuries, our communities have been frequently scapegoated for issues perpetuated by sexism, xenophobia, capitalism, and colonialism. Asians were brought to the United States to boost the supply of labor and keep wages low, while being silenced by discriminatory laws and policies. From the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882, to the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II, to the forced migration of refugees from U.S.-led military conflict in Southeast Asia, to post-9/11 surveillance targeting Muslim and South Asian communities, to ICE raids on Southeast Asian communities and Asian-owned businesses, Asian American communities have been under attack by white supremacy.

Working class communities of color are disproportionately suffering from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The Trump administration’s relentless scapegoating of Asians for the pandemic has only exacerbated the impact on Asian business owners and frontline workers and inflamed existing racism. The hypersexualization of Asian American women and the broad normalization of violence against women of color, immigrant women, and poor women make Asian American women particularly vulnerable. Hate incidents against Asian Americans rose by nearly 150% in 2020, with Asian American women twice as likely to be targeted.

We are calling on our allies to stand with us in grief and solidarity against systemic racism and gender-based violence. Violence against Asian American communities is part of a larger system of violence and racism against all communities of color, including Black, Brown, and Indigenous communities.

In this time of crisis, let’s come together and build just communities, where we are all safe, where all workers are treated with dignity and respect, and where all our loved ones thrive.

Individual Sign-Up 

Organization Sign-Up

 

In Solidarity,

Asian Americans Advancing Justice -Atlanta & Georgia NAACP

 

Georgia Organizations

159 Georgia Together

9to5

9to5, National Association of Working Women

Absolute Justice now & Protect The Vote Ga coalition

ACLU of Georgia

All Voting is Local

Georgia America Votes-Georgia/America Votes

Asian American Advocacy Fund

Asian Pacific Islander Desi American Activists

Asian Real Estate Association

Asian Youth for Civic Engagement

Atlanta ATL Radical Art

Atlanta Jobs with Justice

Black Alliance for Just Immigration (BAJI)

Black to the Future Action Fund

Black Voters Matter

Cambodian American Association of Georgia

Care in Action

Civic Georgia

Coastal Georgia Minority Chamber Inc

Common Cause GA

Crystal in the City

E Equals MC Squared Educational Services LLC

Environment Georgia

Faith in Public Life

Feminist Women’s Health Center

GA Familias Unidas

GALEO & GALEO Impact Fund

Georgia AFL-CIO

Georgia Alliance for Social Justice

Georgia Chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations

Georgia Coalition for the People’s Agenda

Georgia Equality

Georgia Muslim Voter Project

Georgia Shift

Georgia Stand-Up

Georgia State AFL-CIO

Georgia Working Families Party

Georgians for a Healthy Future

JCRC of Atlanta

Justice For Georgia

Korean American Coalition

Latino Community Fund Inc.

Mayor’s Office of Immigrant Affairs – Welcoming Atlanta

National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum (NAPAWF)

New Georgia Project Action Fund

Partnership for Southern Equity

Planned Parenthood Southeast Advocates

Poder Latinx

Progress Georgia

Promote Positivity Movement

Protect The Vote GA

Raksha, Inc

Refugee Women’s Network

Rep GA Institute Inc

Represent GA Action Network Inc

Savannah Undocumented Youth Alliance

Showing Up for Racial Justice – Atlanta

Sierra Club, Georgia Chapter

Southern Poverty Law Center

Taiwanese American Professionals – Atlanta

The Black Heritage Museum & Cultural Center, Inc.

The New Georgia Project

They See Blue Georgia

Union of Vietnamese Student Associations of the Southeast

We Love BuHi (Buford Highway) Inc.

Women Watch Afrika

 

National/ Out of the State Organizations

Alliance for Youth Action

Alliance of Rhode Island Southeast Asians for Education

America Votes-Georgia/America Votes

American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee

Apna Ghar, Inc.

Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance, AFL-CIO

Asian Pacific Environmental Network

Asian Prisoner Support Committee

Asian Youth for Civic Engagement

ATL Social Change

Autistic Self Advocacy Network

Black Lives Matter Global Network

Center for Asian American Theology and Ministry at Fuller Seminary

Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights (CHIRLA)

Community Justice Action FundCouncil on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR)

Daya Inc

Empowering Pacific Islander Communities (EPIC)

Equality Labs

Freedom Network USA

GGE Media

Global Sikh Economic Forum

Haitian Bridge Alliance

Hate Is A Virus

Immigration Hub

Innovation Law Lab

Jetpac Resource Center

Jewish Voice for Peace Korean American Center (a division of Korean Community Services)

March For Our Lives GA

Mary Reynolds Babcock Foundation

Mekong NYC

MPower Change

Muslim Justice League

National Network for Arab American Communities

National Organization for Women

National Resource Center on Domestic Violence

NFLUENCE

North Carolina Asian Americans Together (NCAAT)

NPNA

OCA – Asian Pacific American Advocates

Orange County Asian and Pacific Islander Community Alliance (OCAPICA)

People For the American Way

Pi Delta Psi Fraternity

RESULTS

Sakhi for South Asian Women

Seac village

Seed the Vote

South Asian Americans Leading Together (SAALT)

South Asian SOAR

South Asian Youth In Houston Unite (SAYHU)

Southeast Asia Resource Action Center (SEARAC)

Southeast Asian Defense Project

Southeast Asian Freedom Network

State Innovation Exchange (SiX)

Taiwanese American Citizens League

Taiwanese American Professionals – Austin Chapter

Taiwanese American Professionals – New York

Taiwanese American Professionals – San Diego

Taiwanese American Professionals – San Francisco Chapter

Taiwanese American Professionals – WashingtonDC

Taiwanese Americans for Progress

The Revolutionary Love Project

Transforming Generations

Tsuru for Solidarity

Union of North American Vietnamese Student Associations

United We Dream

Voto Latino

Yemeni American Merchants Associaiton

Young Bhutanese Coalition of New York

Young Center for Immigrant Children’s Rights

 

List of organizations updated on March 17, 2021 (4:45 PM EST)

For more information please email jwoo@advancingjustice-atlanta.org

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Georgia Education Barriers for Latino Students

Image from: https://favianna.com/artworks/preparate

Georgia Education Barriers for Latino Students

By: Rodrigo Ruiz-Tello

Out of the 1.8 million students attending Georgia schools, Latinos make up 16% of them, which is roughly 288,000 students (Downey, 2018). With Latinos making up such a significant portion of Georgia students, there should be accommodations provided by the educational systems of Georgia to better aid these students and their families. However, this is not the case. According to the journal Educational Barriers for New Latinos in Georgia, there are 6 main issues that Latino students and their families face: lack of understanding of the school system, low parental involvement, lack of residential stability, little school support, few incentives for continued education, and immigrant access to higher education (Bohon, et. al., 2009). As a Latino student myself, I have faced most of the issues that were acknowledged by the journal, and I will discuss the three issues that I found to have the most impact on me. The three issues that I will discuss are limited support from schools, low parental involvement, and few incentives to continue education.

Enrollment of Latinos into Georgia schools has been growing significantly every year, which can partly be attributed to immigration. These newly arrived families in Georgia often are unable to speak English, therefore, their children are unable to comprehend the information that is presented to them in schools. The state of Georgia offers the English as a Second Language (ESL) program to aid the students who have a different primary language. However, the program contains its flaws. The counties that offer the ESL program only have students attend for a very limited time, typically an hour or two throughout the week. Due to the periods of time between attending the programs, the students may be unable to retain the information that they were presented before, which makes the program less effective. Another issue presented for Latinos in schools is that  the speedy curriculum that instructors must follow. Teachers must ensure that all of the information is presented within the limited school year, and that leaves behind the Latino students who are still developing the English language. Latinos of an older age also face this issue because they were held to different educational standards of their origin country. A solution that I see for this issue is for the school systems to create a curriculum to accommodate students with a language barrier, and incorporate the ESL program as part of their daily school routine.

Educational issues are not only a problem in Georgia schools, but also in our household. Many Latino parents fail to be involved in their child’s education, which is partly caused by the language barrier and their recent arrival to the United States. Schools usually offer parent-teacher conferences and other events that are directed to parents, and the purpose of these events are to better introduce them to their child’s learning environment, inform them of their child’s needs, and help create an educational role at home for the parent. However, due to the differences in language, many parents do not often attend these meetings, therefore, keeping the child from receiving help at home apart from school. Often, these parents are unaware that there are translators provided for parents who are in need of one during these meetings. Parents could try to learn more of what their child’s school offers to facilitate parent and teacher interactions, so that they can play an educational role at home as well. Latinos who recently immigrated to Georgia are often committed to hard work, so that they can receive a better life. However, due to this, there is less attention put on a child’s education. Children require a parent to encourage them, help them in any way that they can, and give them attention to increase their success. Taking these initiatives will greatly aid their child and keep them from feeling that they are facing their situation alone.

The dropout rate for Latinos across the United States in 2016 was at 8.6%, which can partly be attributed to having very little incentive to further their education. Students are often asked the question “are you going to college?”, which can be very frightening to think about. For Latino students, it is a question that offers a lot of insecurity because they know less about achieving higher education than their Caucasian counterparts. Most Latino students are immigrants or children of immigrants who left their origin country in which they most likely suffered hardships, so they were unable to attend college. Therefore, these children have to figure everything out on their own and are often introduced to various misconceptions that influence them to not further their education. Another problem is that many Latino’s feel discouraged about attending college due to only 8.5% of college students in Georgia being Hispanic, so it causes them to feel as if they do not belong. Influence at home also contributes to this issue because Latino parents often value working more than education because they did not experience a higher education themselves. Lastly, the cost of going to college can be very large, which is the biggest thought on the student’s minds when it comes to considering higher education. Latino students have to see their parents work in tough conditions, so they are most likely to quit their education after high school to keep them from putting more pressure on their parents to fund their education.

I believe that there can be a lot done to open more doors for students to receive a higher quality education. However, there are changes required in schools and at homes, to allow this to occur.

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Barreras Educativas de Georgia Para Estudiantes Latinos

Escrito Por: Rodrigo Ruiz-Tello

De los 1.8 millones de estudiantes que asisten a las escuelas de Georgia, los latinos representan el 16% de ellos, que es aproximadamente 288,000 estudiantes (Downey, 2018). Con los latinos formando una porción tan significativa de los estudiantes en Georgia, debería haber adaptaciones por los sistemas educativos de Georgia para ayudar mejor a estos estudiantes y sus familias. Sin embargo, no es así. Según el artículo Educational Barriers for New Latinos en Georgia, hay 6 temas principales que enfrentan los estudiantes latinos y sus familias: falta de comprensión del sistema escolar, baja participación de los padres, falta de estabilidad residencial, poco apoyo escolar, pocos incentivos para la continuación de la educación y el acceso de los inmigrantes a la educación superior (Bohon, et. al., 2009). Como estudiante latino, he enfrentado la mayoría de los problemas que fueron reconocidos por el artículo, y voy a discutir los tres temas que tuvieron el mayor impacto en mí. Los tres temas que voy a discutir son el apoyo limitado de las escuelas, la baja participación de los padres y pocos incentivos para continuar la educación.

La cantidad de latinos asistiendo a las escuelas de Georgia ha aumentado significativamente cada año, lo que puede atribuirse en parte a la inmigración. Suele suceder que estas familias recién llegadas a Georgia no pueden hablar español. Por lo tanto, sus hijos no pueden comprender la información que se les presenta en las escuelas. El estado de Georgia ofrece el programa Inglés como Segunda Lengua (ESL) para ayudar a los estudiantes que tienen un diferente lenguaje primario, sin embargo, el programa contiene sus defectos. Los condados que ofrecen el programa de ESL sólo tienen estudiantes asistiendo por un tiempo muy limitado, por lo general una hora o dos durante toda la semana. Debido a los períodos de tiempo entre su asistencia al programa, los estudiantes pueden ser incapaces de mantenerse al día con la información que se les presentó antes, lo que hace que el programa sea menos eficaz. Otro problema para los latinos en las escuelas es el rápido currículo que los instructores deben seguir para asegurar que toda la información se presente dentro del año escolar. Suele suceder que este currículum rápido deja atrás a los estudiantes latinos que todavía están desarrollando el idioma inglés. Los latinos de mayores edades también enfrentan este problema porque fueron sometidos a diferentes estándares educativos de su país de origen. Una solución que veo para estos problemas es que los sistemas escolares creen un plan de estudios para acomodar a los estudiantes con una barrera del idioma, e incorporar el programa de ESL como parte de su rutina escolar diaria.

La falta de apoyo no sólo es un problema en las escuelas de Georgia, sino también en nuestro hogar. Muchos padres latinos no participan en la educación de sus hijos, lo que en parte es causado por la barrera del idioma y su reciente llegada a los Estados Unidos. Las escuelas suelen ofrecer conferencias de maestros y otros eventos dirigidos a los padres, y el propósito de estos eventos es presentarlos mejor al entorno de aprendizaje de sus hijos, informarles de las necesidades de sus hijos, y ayudar a crear un papel educativo en casa para los padres. Sin embargo, debido a las diferencias en el idioma, muchos padres no suelen asistir a estas reuniones. Por lo tanto, impiden que el niño reciba ayuda en el hogar aparte de la escuela. A menudo, estos padres no saben que hay traductores para los padres que necesitan uno durante estas reuniones. Los padres podrían tratar de aprender más de lo que la escuela de su hijo ofrece para facilitar las interacciones entre padres y maestros, de modo que puedan jugar un papel educativo en casa también. Los latinos que recientemente emigraron a Georgia a menudo se comprometen a trabajar duro, para que puedan recibir una vida mejor, sin embargo, debido a esto, hay menos atención puesta en la educación de un niño. Los niños requieren que haya un padre que los anime, les ayude en todo lo que puedan y les preste atención para aumentar su éxito. Tomar estas iniciativas ayudará mucho a sus hijos y les impedirá sentir que están enfrentando su situación solos.

La tasa de abandono escolar de los latinos en los Estados Unidos en 2016 fue del 8.6%, lo que se puede atribuir en parte a tener un incentivo muy pequeño para continuar su educación. A los estudiantes a menudo se les hace la pregunta “¿vas a ir a la universidad?”, que puede ser una pregunta muy aterradora de pensar. Para los estudiantes latinos es una pregunta que ofrece mucha inseguridad porque saben menos acerca de lograr una educación superior que los ciudadanos estadounidenses. La mayoría de los estudiantes latinos son inmigrantes o hijos de inmigrantes que dejaron su país de origen en el que probablemente sufrieron dificultades, por lo que no pudieron asistir a la universidad. Por lo tanto, estos niños tienen que descubrirlo todo por sí mismos y a menudo se les presentan varios conceptos que los influyen para no continuar su educación. Otro problema es que muchos latinos se sienten desalentados por asistir a la universidad debido a que sólo el 8.5% de los estudiantes universitarios en Georgia son hispanos, por lo que les hace sentir que no pertenecen. La influencia en el hogar también contribuye a este problema porque los padres latinos a menudo valoran más el trabajo que la educación porque ellos mismos no tuvieron una educación superior. Por último, el costo de ir a la universidad puede ser muy grande, que es el pensamiento más grande en la mente del estudiante cuando se trata de considerar la educación superior. Los estudiantes latinos tienen que ver a sus padres trabajar en condiciones difíciles, por lo que es más probable que abandonen su educación después de la preparatoria para evitar que ejerzan más presión sobre sus padres para que financien su educación.

Creo que se puede hacer mucho para abrir más puertas para que los estudiantes Latinos reciban una educación más alta y de mayor calidad. Sin embargo, se requieren cambios en las escuelas y en los hogares para que esto ocurra.

Works Cited

Bohon, Stephanie A., et al. “Educational Barriers for New Latinos in Georgia.” Journal of Latinos and Education, vol. 4, no. 1, 13 Nov. 2009, pp. 43–58., doi:10.1207/s1532771xjle0401_4.

Downey, Maureen. “Limiting the Dreams of Latino Students Hurts Them and Georgia.” Ajc, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 13 Sept. 2018, www.ajc.com/blog/get-schooled/limiting-the-dreams-latino-students-hurts-them-and-georgia/M597wvIAC49Rw4sRNMbE0J/#:~:text=These%20data%20also%20reveal%20that,Georgia%20public%20schools%20are%20Latino.

“English-to-Speakers-of-Other-Languages-(ESOL)-and-Title-III   // .” Curriculum and Instruction, www.gadoe.org/Curriculum-Instruction-and-Assessment/Curriculum-and-Instruction/Pages/English-to-Speakers-of-Other-Languages-(ESOL)-and-Title-III.aspx.

Stirgus, Eric. “Georgia College, Town Reflect Hispanic Growth and Prosperity.” AP NEWS, Associated Press, 9 June 2018, apnews.com/article/171706da6d78412da8a37d0d8ce377b8. 

 

NOTE: The opinions expressed in this blog are the opinions of the author only. It is not to be assumed that the opinions are those of GALEO or the GALEO Latino Community Development Fund. For the official position on any issue for GALEO, please contact Jerry Gonzalez, CEO of GALEO at jerry@galeo.org.  

NOTA: Las opiniones expresadas en este blog son sólo las opiniones del autor. No es de suponer que las opiniones sean de GALEO o el GALEO Latino Community Development Fund. Para la posición oficial sobre cualquier tema de GALEO, por favor contacte a Jerry González, CEO de GALEO en jerry@galeo.org.

 

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Jerry Gonzalez, GALEO’s CEO, honored and commended by the Georgia House of Representatives with HR305

Norcross, Georgia, March 10, 2021 – Jerry Gonzalez, CEO of GALEO, has been honored and commended by the Georgia House of Representatives with HR305.

The House Resolution 305 was led by Georgia State

Representatives Park Cannon of the 58th, Angelika Kausche of the 50th, Shelly Hutchinson of the 107th, Pedro Marin of the 96th, and Zulma Lopez of the 86th. It was read and adopted on March 3rd, along with other House Resolutions honoring other civic leaders promoting an engaged citizenry in our democracy.

Part of the House Resolution 305 reads in part:

WHEREAS, Jerry Gonzalez has long been recognized by the citizens of this state for the important role that he has played in leadership and his deep personal commitment to the welfare of the citizens of Georgia; and

WHEREAS, he has diligently and conscientiously devoted innumerable hours of his time,  talents, and energy toward the betterment of his community and state, as evidenced by his superlative service as the CEO of the Georgia Association of Latino Elected Officials  (GALEO) and the GALEO Latino Community Development Fund (GLCDF)…

WHEREAS, he is a person of magnanimous strengths with an unimpeachable reputation for integrity, intelligence, fairness, and kindness; and

WHEREAS, Jerry has served with honor and distinction with GALEO, and his vision and

unyielding commitment to the empowerment of his fellow citizens have set the standard for civic service; and

WHEREAS, it is abundantly fitting and proper that the outstanding accomplishments and contributions of this remarkable and distinguished Georgian be appropriately recognized.

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES that

the members of this body recognize and commend Jerry Gonzalez for his efficient, effective, unselfish, and dedicated service to the State of Georgia and extend the most sincere best wishes for continued health and happiness.

“On behalf of GALEO’s Board of Directors, we congratulate Jerry for being recognized and commended by the Georgia House of Representatives for his longstanding leadership and work on behalf of GALEO and the Latino community in Georgia generally. Georgia Latino voter turnout increased by more than 70% in 2020 compared to 2016, and it was partly due to GALEO’s work under Jerry’s leadership. We are proud of Jerry and excited about his continued leadership in our community. His recognition and commendation is well-deserved,” said Art Gambill, Chair of GALEO & the GALEO Latino Community Development Fund.

Read more online:

https://www.legis.ga.gov/legislation/60276

Jerry Gonzalez, CEO of GALEO & the GALEO Latino Community Development Fund biography is online here:

https://galeo.org/jerry-gonzalez-galeo-executive-director/

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PRESS RELEASE: Georgia Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Announces Study: Civil Asset Forfeiture and its Impact on Communities of Color

Georgia Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Announces Study:

Civil Asset Forfeiture and its Impact on Communities of Color

PRESS RELEASE Contact: Melissa Wojnaroski

February 26, 2021 (202) 618-4158
mwojnaroski@usccr.gov

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The Georgia Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights announces its forthcoming study of the impact of civil asset forfeiture on communities of color in the state. The Committee will convene a series of meetings during which they will hear public testimony regarding the extent to which civil asset forfeiture practices in Georgia may have a discriminatory impact on the basis of race, color, or national origin.

The first meeting will take place via web conference on Wednesday March 10, 2021 from 2-3:45 pm Eastern Time. The public may register for the event online (audio/visual), at: https://bit.ly/2YAYcm0. The public may also join the call by phone (audio only) at 800-360-9505; Access code 199 287 8225. Closed captions will be provided. Individuals requiring other accommodations should contact the regional program unit at (202) 618-4158 five business days prior to the meeting to make their request.

The agenda for this first panel of speakers includes:

  • Dan Alban, Senior Attorney, Institute of Justice
  • Marissa McCall Dodson, Public Policy Director, Southern Center for Human Rights
  • Leah Nelson, Research Director, Alabama Appleseed Center for Law and Justice
  • Cristopher Bellamy, Attorney, Neal & Harwell, PLC, Adjunct Professor, Vanderbilt University Law School
  • Jon Guze, Director of Legal Studies, John Locke Foundation

The Committee will hear testimony from additional speakers to be scheduled throughout spring 2021. Members of the public will be invited to speak during an open comment period near the end of each meeting. The Committee will also accept written testimony submitted to mwojnaroski@usccr.gov throughout the duration of this project.

“Civil forfeiture allows police to seize, then keep or sell the property alleged to be involved in a crime. This practice allows many police departments to use forfeiture to benefit their bottom lines, which increases seizures motivated by profit rather than fighting crime,” said Committee Chair Chantel Mullen. “The owners of said property may not ever be arrested or convicted of a crime for them to permanently lose their cash, cars, businesses, or even their homes. This is a civil rights issue of enormous concern that deserves deeper research and discussion on its impact on Georgians from already marginalized communities.”

The Georgia Advisory Committee will issue findings and recommendations in a report to the Commission after all testimony has been received.

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The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, established by the Civil Rights Act of 1957, is the only independent, bipartisan agency charged with advising the President and Congress on civil rights and reporting annually on federal civil rights enforcement. Our 51 state Advisory Committees offer a broad perspective on civil rights concerns at state and local levels. For information about the Commission, please visit www.usccr.gov and follow us on Twitter and Facebook.

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DACA Recipients: The Influence that Legislation Could Bring

Image from: https://georgiarecorder.com/2020/07/08/daca-recipients-are-essential-to-georgias-economy/

DACA Recipients: The Influence that Legislation Could Bring

By Rodrigo Ruiz-Tello

During the Presidential campaign of Joseph Biden, he announced that he planned to pass legislation to allow for those who are DACA recipients to have a quick and clear path to citizenship, along with other policies for immigrants who are not DACA recipients. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) defers the removal of undocumented immigrants who were brought to the United States as children, maintained lawful behaviour, and are currently enrolled in schools or enlisted in the military. The passing of this intended legislation by the Biden Administration could bring huge changes to many latinx families, society, and Latinx representation in Georgia.

DACA recipients, even though they have received the opportunity to remain in the United States, are still at a huge disadvantage than US citizens. Not many states offer in-state tuition for undocumented students, and unfortunately Georgia is not one of those states. Therefore, DACA recipients have no choice, but to pay out-of-state tuition, which can be more than twice the cost for students who are citizens of that state. According to a study conducted in 2015, 77% of the DACA recipients in the study demonstrated extreme concern for funding their education (Mulhere, 2015). With the increased cost of tuition, DACA students are forced to balance various activities into their schedule, such as more than one job to pay for their education, internships, classes, and studying. However, the passage of the policy that President Biden has introduced would allow DACA recipients, once they have become United States citizens, to be eligible for the in-state tuition rate and would also allow them to apply for the state’s financial aid. The legislation would not only aid these DACA recipients financially, but would also help improve their mental health.

Debt has a major role when it comes to mental health because it can make a person lack financial security in the future. The interest that adds up on the private loans that DACA students are able to receive may overwhelm those affected. According to Into Higher Ed., these students also continuously experience discrimination due to their legal status. They also face the fear of their family members being deported, fear of DACA being removed, and feelings of guilt for the opportunity that they were given.

Giving DACA recipients the opportunity to become US citizens would allow for more Latinos to be eligible for public offices that lack Latino representation. For example, Georgia has never had a Hispanic elected to represent the state in Congress throughout its history (United States House of Representatives).  The policy could also possibly add 45,939 new voters for the state of Georgia, and over 700,000 nationwide (Governing). These possible new numbers of voters would create major changes in the United States, due to the close election results in various states during the last Presidential elections, such as Georgia.

During the 2020 presidential elections, the state of Georgia had a difference of 11,779 votes between both of the presidential candidates (CNN). An extremely close margin that could also be affected significantly if there were more voters that could represent the Latinx community. According to the Pew Research center, Latinos make up only 5.0% of voters in the state of Georgia, which does not fully represent the full Latino population in the state, which is 9.8%.

The legislation that the Biden Administration wishes to pass for DACA recipients is capable of not only helping these students and their families, but also aiding the fight to increase representation of Latinx communities in the polls across the United States.

Los Beneficiarios de DACA: La Influencia que la Legislación Podría Traer

Durante la campaña presidencial de Joseph Biden, el anunció que planeaba aprobar legislación que permitiera a los beneficiarios de DACA tener un camino rápido y claro hacia la ciudadanía, junto con otras políticas para los inmigrantes que no son beneficiarios de DACA. La Acción Diferida para Llegadas de Niños (DACA) detuvo la deportación de inmigrantes indocumentados que fueron traídos a los Estados Unidos como niños, mantienen un comportamiento legal y actualmente están matriculados en escuelas o alistados en el ejército. La aprobación de esta legislación por parte de la Administración Biden podría traer grandes cambios a muchas familias latinxas la sociedad, y la representación latina en Georgia.

Los beneficiarios de DACA, a pesar de que han recibido la oportunidad de permanecer en los Estados Unidos, todavía están en una gran desventaja que los ciudadanos estadounidenses. Algunos estados no ofrecen matrícula estatal para estudiantes indocumentados, y desafortunadamente Georgia es uno de esos estados. Por lo tanto, los beneficiarios de DACA no tienen otra opción que pagar matrícula para no residentes, que puede ser más del doble del costo para los estudiantes que son ciudadanos de este estado. Según un estudio realizado en 2015, el 77% de los beneficiarios de DACA en el estudio demostraron extrema preocupación por la financiación de su educación (Mulhere, 2015). Con el aumento del costo, los estudiantes de DACA se ven obligados a equilibrar diversas actividades en su horario, como más de un trabajo para pagar por su educación, pasantías, clases y estudios. Sin embargo, la aprobación de la política que ha introducido el Presidente Biden permitiría a los beneficiarios de DACA, una vez que se hayan convertido en ciudadanos de los Estados Unidos, ser elegibles para el costo estatal y también les permitiría solicitar la ayuda financiera del estado. La legislación no sólo ayudaría financieramente a estos beneficiarios de DACA, sino que también ayudaría a mejorar su salud mental.

La deuda tiene un papel importante cuando se trata de la salud mental porque puede hacer que una persona carezca de seguridad financiera en el futuro. El interés que se suma en los préstamos privados que los estudiantes de DACA son capaces de recibir puede abrumar a los afectados. Según Into Higher Ed., estos estudiantes también sufren discriminación continua debido a su estatus legal. También enfrentan el temor de que sus familiares sean deportados, el temor de que DACA sea removida, y sentimientos de culpa por la oportunidad que se les dio.

Dar a los beneficiarios de DACA la oportunidad de convertirse en ciudadanos estadounidenses permitiría a más latinos ser elegibles para cargos públicos que carecen de representación latina. Por ejemplo, Georgia nunca ha tenido un hispano elegido para representar al estado en el Congreso a lo largo de su historia (United States House of Representatives). La política también podría añadir 45,939 nuevos votantes para el estado de Georgia, y más de 700,000 a nivel nacional (Governing). Estos posibles nuevos números de votantes crearían cambios importantes en los Estados Unidos, debido a los apretados resultados electorales en varios estados durante las elecciones presidenciales de 2020, como Georgia.

Durante las elecciones presidenciales de 2020, el estado de Georgia tuvo una diferencia de 11,779 votos entre los dos candidatos presidenciales (CNN). Un margen extremadamente cercano que también podría verse afectado significativamente si hubiera más votantes que pudieran representar a la comunidad latina. Según el Centro de Investigación Pew, los latinos sólo representan el 5.0% de los votantes en el estado de Georgia, que no representa plenamente a toda la población latina en el estado, que es del 9.8%.

La legislación que la Administración Biden desea aprobar para los beneficiarios de DACA es capaz no sólo de ayudar a estos estudiantes y sus familias, sino también de ayudar a la lucha para aumentar la representación de las comunidades latinas en las votaciones electorales en los Estados Unidos.

Works Cited

Laura Litvan and Erik Larson | Bloomberg. “Analysis | ‘Dreamers,’ DACA and Biden’s First Try on Immigration.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 25 Jan. 2021, www.washingtonpost.com/business/dreamers-daca-and-bidens-first-try-on-immigration/2021/01/22/06bd1c1e-5cdb-11eb-a849-6f9423a75ffd_story.html.

“The Biden Plan for Securing Our Values as a Nation of Immigrants.” Joe Biden for President: Official Campaign Website, 5 Aug. 2020, joebiden.com/immigration/.

“Preserving and Fortifying Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA).” The White House, The United States Government, 21 Jan. 2021, www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions/2021/01/20/preserving-and-fortifying-deferred-action-for-childhood-arrivals-daca/#:~:text=This%20memorandum%2C%20known%20as%20the,or%20enlisted%20in%20the%20military.

Study Finds Undocumented Colleges Students Face Unique Challenges, www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/01/26/study-finds-undocumented-colleges-students-face-unique-challenges.

“Hispanic-American Representatives, Senators, Delegates, and Resident Commissioners by State and Territory, 1822–Present: US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives.” Hispanic-American Representatives, Senators, Delegates, and Resident Commissioners by State and Territory, 1822–Present | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives, history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/HAIC/Historical-Data/Hispanic-American-Representatives-and-Senators-by-State-and-Territory/.

DACA Recipients By State, www.governing.com/archive/daca-approved-participants-by-state.html.

NOTE: The opinions expressed in this blog are the opinions of the author only. It is not to be assumed that the opinions are those of GALEO or the GALEO Latino Community Development Fund. For the official position on any issue for GALEO, please contact Jerry Gonzalez, CEO of GALEO at jerry@galeo.org.  

NOTA: Las opiniones expresadas en este blog son sólo las opiniones del autor. No es de suponer que las opiniones sean de GALEO o el GALEO Latino Community Development Fund. Para la posición oficial sobre cualquier tema de GALEO, por favor contacte a Jerry González, CEO de GALEO en jerry@galeo.org.

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