Written By: Stefany Alvarado, Spring 2021 Intern
In August of 2020, a photograph of two young girls in pink, sitting on a curb outside of a Taco Bell in Salinas, California, went viral. These Latinas didn’t go to the fast-food restaurant for crunchy tacos or loaded nachos. They went for the Wi-Fi.
This viral image represents the digital divide that widens the education gap, leaving many minority students behind. Some students do not have access to the internet, do not have a computer, or share a single computer with other family members.
A SOMOS survey conducted early in the pandemic showed that 37% of Latinos did not have access to broadband internet, and 32% did not have enough computers to accommodate the entire family. Latinos across the nation, including those in Georgia, are experiencing this digital divide.
In an interview with 11Alive News, Nury Castillo Crawford, an academic director and lead for a Hispanic mentorship program in the Gwinnett County Public Schools system, said, “I feel like this is just another variable that helps widen that [education] gap, and then some of our kids might not ever get out of that.”
Similar to the Taco Bell story, Crawford shared details of knowing a local family that walked to a McDonald’s parking lot for their children to finish school work. As 33% of students in Gwinnett County are Hispanic/Latino, Crawford’s interaction confirms the digital divide in Georgia’s Latino communities must be addressed.
This divide has also impacted academic performance. Issues with lack of resources, such as study aids, stable technology, internet access, and educational support systems, have contributed to a drop in Latino students’ test scores. A study done by NWEA shows that Latino students scored lower in math and reading than their Caucasian counterparts during the fall of 2020. Renaissance Learning, Inc. reported similar findings in decreased math and reading scores for Latino students.
To combat the digital divide in Georgia, more funding and resources are being administered to high-need communities. Atlanta Public Schools partnered with Comcast to give students free laptops and 12 months of free high-speed internet. DeKalb County Schools, Marietta City Schools, and Gwinnett County provided Chromebooks and hotspots to their students. Cobb County also pledged to provide more devices.
In addition, AT&T donated money to the Georgia Department of Education (GaDOE) for distance learning efforts. These funds were used to deploy 448 Wi-Fi rangers to 36 school districts, which Marietta chose to have on their school buses. Communities across the state celebrated the addition of these Wi-Fi buses.
GaDOE also partnered with Verizon to provide internet access, devices, and security solutions to 12.5 million students across Georgia and ten other states.
As decreasing test scores of Latino students show a widening education gap, more resources are being provided for similarly underserved communities. The Georgia Broadband Deployment Initiative is keeping track of which districts still need internet access. Budget cuts and adjustments are also under review.
NOTE: The opinions expressed in this blog are the opinions of the author only. It is not to be assumed that the opinions are those of GALEO or the GALEO Latino Community Development Fund. For the official position on any issue for GALEO, please contact Jerry Gonzalez, CEO of GALEO at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Photo: Ojima Abalaka / for NBC News